A few people have asked me if I know where there is a spreadsheet of the general election results available so they can crunch the numbers and explore results themselves. Until now I’ve been using results scraped off the BBC website, but the British Election Study team have now released a data set of the election results for download here.

420 Responses to “Spreadsheet of the General Election Results”

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  1. @ Welsh Borderer

    The problem for major parties in a FPTP system, is that they have to build broad coalitions. In my view this is becoming ever more difficult as society fractures along more planes. Your analysis about the Labour leader is fair enough, but Labour has been here before in the 1980s with Kinnock. The result was a big loss of votes from cosmopolitan middle-class London (where Labour LOST seats in 1987). I don’t think this circle can be squared.

    Personally I don’t think either Conservative or Labour can put humpty dumpty together again, and achieve the allegiance of any more than a third of the population. The only way I can see this being done is by the sort of nationalism that would terrify me, and take my country away from me. This is still a remote possibility even if the No camp narrowly loses the EU referendum and there is a Scottish type reaction.

    Labour (and Conservative) need to accept that the days of majority governments are likely over, and given the fracturing of the electorate a more proportional electoral system is now appropriate. Obviously this makes government more difficult, but it is also more realistic.

  2. Welsh Borderer

    I think you are caricaturing the position of redkippers.

    What do we eman by socially Conservative?

  3. Welsh Borderer

    I think you are caricaturing the position of traditional Labour voters who are tempted by UKIP.

    What do we mean by socially conservative? That is not the same as not liking EU immigration for economic reasons.

    Not liking unmarried mothers, or going on about gays appeals to old [email protected], not younger working class voters (like my cousins).

  4. Sorry for double post, accidentally clicked on “Submit Comment”.

  5. I’m impressed with the Tory agenda over the past couple of weeks – rather than retreating to party favourites post-election they’ve reiterated their commitment in areas where much of the electorate probably thought they weren’t being entirely sincere during the election. A recognition that the conservative brand still needs to be strengthened and a pitch for middle England voters to stay with them.

    Will get tougher in a few weeks time, of course, when some of the tough realities – welfare reform, cuts and so on need to be faced up to. But certainly taking advantage of Labour’s disarray so far.

  6. Millie

    Young liz is not running for deputy so she wont get that job -you can have tom watson,ben bradshaw,caroline flint,stella creasey or simon danscuk.

    If Burnham wins Rachel Reeves will be shadow chancellor.

    I would expect kendall to get health -umunna is being courted by cooper and apparently wants foreign sec .But he has seriously mislead blairites and they may be unforgiving.Labour unhinged say he is finished.

    Prominent named burnham supporters are dugher -campaign manager,owen smith and lord falconer so I would expect all three to get plum jobs.


    You seem to understand what went wrong already.

    There is a dreadful silence from the Pollsters-is the BPC investigation embraced by them all-or are they all doing their own thing-or nothing?

    The podcast i posted here was very interesting-lots of thoughts , but not a conclusion to be heard.


    I agree.

    DC seems to be driving the One Nation agenda which he announced on the steps of No 10.

    It must make a difference that he doesn’t have to spend time negotiating everything with Clegg & co. This, plus being granted a second term by the electorate seem to me to have given him an air of confidence & determination.

    Early days though as you say-with many difficulties ahead.

  9. @John Chanin
    “Labour (and Conservative) need to accept that the days of majority governments are likely over”

    Is the next five years already over?

  10. Yes lead apparently narrowing in tomorrow’s Irish referendum. If the polls are “wrong” will it be the fault of the Irish pollsters, shy straights, lazy LGBTs, or those who haven’t yet come out?

  11. @Robin Hood

    Did you ever offer a statement of the swingback theory that you are now claiming to have been vindicated? I asked for some clarification a few days ago and didn’t pick up any response. That said, I have to admit I haven’t been able to look in that often recently and I may well have missed your response.

    As noted by others, the swingback this time seemed very selective (bypassing Scotland and most parties other than the Tories). I would be interested to see a statement of the theory that is actually compatible with the data.

    Near the beginning of this thread you wrote:

    ..the polls were right all along, it’s just that 3% of people changed their minds at the last minute.

    Can you point to evidence in support of this hypothesis? My understanding is that in their follow-up poll on Election Day YouGov found no evidence at all of last-minute switching. Nor have I seen any definitive data corroborating any such switching hypothesis.

    There are three (non-mutually-exclusive) hypotheses that could account for the polling/voting mismatch:

    (1) Late switch of support. On this account polling respondents who declared support for Party A actually voted for a different party in the election. This would also cover the ‘shy X’ hypothesis in which respondents misrepresent their real support in polls. As with genuine changes of heart this would show us as a change in support.

    (2) biased polling samples. According to this hypothesis the pollsters failed to reach a representative sample of actual voters. There are ‘dark matter’ voters whose intentions are difficult to observe, and it is these individuals who voted heavily for the Tories. Since their intentions had not previously been monitored, there is no question of switch. If YouGov were to go back and check votes by Panel ID, within this framework they would find no evidence of poll -> vote switching. On this account the pollsters were ‘right all along’ but only right for the easy-to-reach group they have been tracking over the last several months. The ‘dark’ voters may have supported the Tories all along or may have switched at various points. However since their behaviour was below the radar it was never picked up by the pollsters.

    (3) Differential turnout. The GE Lab-> Tory swing could have occurred because more Tories cast their vote than had been anticipated (or if a smaller proportion of Labour supporters turned out on the day). On this account there is no need to suppose either that the pollsters missed any subsection of the electorate or that any respondents actually switched their votes.

    Has there been any definitive evidence for or against any of these accounts?

    YouGov have the resources to answer these questions. They could go back to respondents to the big poll conducted on May 6 and ask how each individual actually voted. This would provide a churn network describing any last-minute switches that took place. This could include a node representing respondents who failed to cast a vote. Such a revisit would also indicate whether their sample offered an accurate reflection of the GE voters as a whole. No doubt analyses of this kind are being conducted but what direct evidence to we have in the meantime?

  12. Hawthorn

    I agree. I think there’s a bit of social conservatism (people are uncomfortable with Patel’s newsagents being replaced by Polski Skleps) but the issue is much more about feelings of being out-competed for jobs, housing, schools, healthcare. In previous times ‘the left’ were somewhat in denial about this, putting it down to bigotry (see Mrs Duffy). I think Lab were finally onto this in the campaign but did not convince people that they had a clue how to fix it.

    Whilst it is of course possible to exaggerate these problems, they are not imaginary, nor are they easy to remedy, especially in an era where there is no abundance of public money. Nevertheless I don’t see them diminishing of their own accord and someone who can come up with a convincing fix will reap dividends I think.

  13. Millie add angela eagle to runners for deputy ,danscuk may not be running.

    Apparently cameron has suggested 7 day nhs before

  14. Reports that creagh and hunt will fail to get enough nominations so three runners likely.

    Everyone on here can apply to be a registered labour party supporter ,cost £3 ,and that will get you a vote in the election.

  15. 07052015

    The 24 hour NHS was in the 2010 manifesto but then seemed to disappear. I think there are two different issues that sort of split it apart last time and I suppose might again unless they are de-coupled:
    the fact that survival rates are worse for weekend hospital admissions – clearly a big issue and needs to be addressed
    getting a doctor’s appointment at 9 at night or on a Sunday – probably not an issue at all in some areas and really expensive to remedy.

  16. Afternoon everyone. I’ve avoided here for the last while, mainly because I observed that the comments section had turned into a particularly unfortunate episode of Question Time. It appears that in the absence of some new polls (and perhaps while AW is banging his head furiously against a computer keyboard), some of the partisan cheerleaders decided that it would be a good time to start the 2020 election campaign, despite the fact that there hasn’t yet been a Queen’s Speech in this parliament! Oh well…..

    @Oldnat. I was hoping someone might bring this up, because it actually represents a fairly important test of opinion polling. The polls in Ireland for referenda are notoriously inaccurate, I imagine because turnout is often very low. This particular referendum (which is actually on Friday) has been much more fraught than any others I can remember, and I would expect the turnout to be a bit higher. Both sides have been mobilised (also allegedly with money coming from outside the State, which is illegal), and some of the rhetoric has been a bit on the nasty side.

    The Yes side do have a fairly large lead (if you exclude don’t knows and undecided) – however, the usual rule of thumb is that undecided voters tend to back the status quo, which points to a more closer result. I feel that if turnout is around 65-70% the bill will pass, but that’s far from a certainty.

    Opinion polling in Ireland generally can be a bit hit and miss. Usually the final calls before elections are reasonably within MOE, but there hasn’t been the history of last day polls that exists in the UK. (Someone may be able to correct me on this, but I believe there may be a moratorium on opinion polls in the few days before elections in Ireland.). An interesting observation that I made recently is that for telephone polling performed by Red C, there is a 50-50 landline-mobile split. It would be very interesting to know if the telephone polling companies in the UK have looked at the splits and to see whether it makes a substantial difference to the polling results.

    @Unicorn, I did a bit of analysis a few threads ago, where I looked at this (albeit with a fairly crude model). There was no evidence in any of the polls of your point (1) – if anything, the last minute switching seemed to favour Labour!

    I do agree with your points (2) and (3). All of the polls consistently overestimated likelihood to vote, and my feeling since the election has been that younger and less-well off voters were disproportionally less likely to vote than the LTV statistics suggested. If we had the crossbreaks from the exit poll, we could see this better, so for now, it’s just my hunch :)

    I think a particular problem with YouGov’s panel is that the vast majority of them probably did vote – they appear to be a much more politically aware bunch than the average, and hence, although the samples are weighted by age, geography and SEG, they are not representative of those actual demographics! My duct-tape solution would be to use data from the exit poll, or indirectly from the election results themselves, and weight the various demographics according to their 2015 behaviour.

    BTW, I think why the polls were right (or at least close enough) for Scotland was down to two reasons. Firstly, the SNP have support fairly evenly across all demographic groups (which is a tremendous compliment to their campaign). Secondly, the higher turnout in Scotland implies a higher level of engagement and hence I would suspect that the differential turnout between younger and older voters was much less than elsewhere in the UK.

  17. “People want an nhS that is easy to access at any time of day or night. We will commission a 24/7 urgent care service in every area of england, including gP out of hours services, and ensure that every patient can access a gP in their area between 8am and 8pm, seven days a week.”

    Conservative manifesto 2010

    Probably the LibDems demanded its removal from the coalition programme.

  18. I don’t think that anyone thinks the 24 hour NHS is a bad idea (apart from the usual right-wing suspects).

    It is just the idea that it is going to be paid for by jiggling around with a few shift patterns is rather far-fetched.

    If you want more of something, you have to pay for it. If you make changes that increases the demand for something (in this case NHS staff) then the price of that thing increases (ceteris paribus).


    On social conservatism. I grew up in West Yorkshire in the 1980s, where Patel’s would have been widely described as the [email protected]£! shop. Thinking of asian run shops as being the conservative norm just goes to show how far things should have come, (not saying that old attitudes are dead of course).

  19. @Unicorn

    I think it is questionable whether the YouGov panel would be capable of picking up problems with the polls including that which was down to non-registration.

    What seems very likely is that the YouGov panel is made up by and large of people who are engaged enough to make the effort to vote (and to make the effort to register in order to do so).

    What was surprising to me about the YouGov polling was that when the turnout filter was added in April is made no difference to the net lead in (I think) the majority of polls, rather than favouring the Conservatives by the 2% margin that I had been expecting based on the effect of turnout on other companies polling.

  20. 07052015
    Phil Haines
    Welsh Borderer

    I was aware of course that Liz Kendall was standing for leader, but I was/am doubtful that she will get the required support. Hence my suggestion for her as Deputy Leader.

    My impression is that AB is going well and Chuka’s withdrawal has made him clear favourite. I think he might be ‘anointed’ quite quickly. Fair play, he has started strongly and quite impressively, and I note he is shortening with the bookies, or was last time I looked.

    I think Liz K might have blown it a bit with that Newsnight interview. After a good start with Andrew Neil, she had the chance to grasp the nettle but ducked the 45% tax issue completely.

    Correct me if I am wrong but candidates for the leadership require 15% support from the parliamentary party. It is very unlikely that all five will secure this. Indeed, four surviving is unlikely.

    So I suspect a lot of behind-the-scenes activity.

    If AB gets it, then Liz K is the best fit, and would secure AB’s credibility with the Blairites. An endorsement for AB from LK would seal things, I suspect.

    Apologies in advance if I have misunderstood how the system works.

    Rachel Reeves was an obvious omission from my list, but I couldn’t find a place. I did wonder whether Yvette Cooper might retire to spend more time with her family?!

    As for Lord Falconer, heaven forbid. Nice man, but completely useless. They’d be better off recruiting Grant Shapps, he is at least right occasionally.

  21. @Phil Haines

    I think it is questionable whether the YouGov panel would be capable of picking up problems with the polls including that which was down to non-registration.

    I am not quite sure why you take this view. A recall test could establish whether or not turnout percentages were the same for each party.

    If there were no such differences plus no evidence of late switching, then these post- election figures would presumably reveal a close balance similar to that seen prior to the election. Any such mismatch with the actual election results would constitute a pretty convincing demonstration that the YouGov sample was unrepresentative all along.

  22. @Unicorn

    Sorry, we were at cross purposes, I see your point.

  23. Guymonde I think raises a very pertinent point.

    The issue of immigration control I think is a fascinating one because it if you analyse it sensibly the concept is inherently socially right-wing (“Eurgh, cultural change!”) but economically left-wing (worker solidarity against the free-market in ‘labour as a commodity’ that you get from open-door policies).

    I think that the collective instinct of the Labour party on the issue (knee-jerk hostility, if not outright revulsion) indicates much more about their own worldview than the policy itself. Their response to it as a right-wing idea (rather than a left-wing one) highlights the fact that they seem to be much more attuned to viewing politics as inhabiting a social spectrum, rather than an economic one.

  24. There are many polls


    I’m coming to the conclusion that with the exception of the Conservatives, the 2015 LibDem and perhaps Labour of 2015, weighing by party affiliation creates bias …

  25. I just noted this (missed in the run-up to the election)


    If you can obtain a copy of The Insider’s Guide to Parliament, I recommend you do so if you enjoy the scurrilous side of politics.

    @”I don’t think that anyone thinks the 24 hour NHS is a bad idea (apart from the usual right-wing suspects).”

    You mean the BMA . lol.

    They walked out of negotiations with NHS Employers about the contractual implications of seven-day working last October.

  27. Popeye

    What a well-expressed and interesting contribution.

    Labour just didn’t quite get it with the immigration debate. They quickly accepted that they had failed to properly control immigration, but they always saw anyone wishing to reduce immigration as a closet racist. I doubt many were.

    Their response was always to argue that immigrants contributed at least as much in tax to the economy as the rest of the population – this may well be true, I’m certainly not arguing. But a more developed analysis takes into account the enormous public realm that this country has accumulated over the centuries, and to which the typical immigrant on arriving at our shores makes no contribution.

    One could extend that argument to land and housing availability. They obviously can’t bring land and housing with them.

    The immigration problem is very difficult to solve, and I don’t especially blame the last government for failing ( Camerons’ promise should not have been made ), but I wish the argument would move on to a higher level.

  28. Colin

    Remember how Nye Bevan won them round.

    It never ceases to amaze me how many people [] go on about market forces choose to ignore them when it is inconvenient for them.

  29. An honest debate about immigration would start with the fact that as members of the E.U. we have no control over total numbers. Not saying that is a bad thing but it is a fact. DC may get a few minor concessions on benefits but most E.U.immigrants come here to work and make a valuable contribution.

    New net migration figures are out at the end of the month and I suspect they will be higher than they were last time (which were higher than the last years of the Labour Government) I also suspect if the economy does continue to improve net migration figures will be significantly higher at the end of this Government than the highest under a Labour Government.

    If that is the case I do hope politicians finally acknowledge the true situation and do not try and lay the blame on the other party or even worse on the immigrants themselves.

    Yes, a bit like private education [] Public schools are fundamentally wrong, unless its for my child.

  31. @ John Chanin

    I wholeheartedly agree with your analysis on Labour and PR. Voting reform would mean the major parties would no longer need to try to encompass a broad range of constituencies, which as you say has become close to impossible for Labour. However, the question would still remain – what type of part would Labour be? To which constituency would it mainly appeal?

  32. @Millie

    It is the nomination of 35 MPs that is required. MPs can only nominate once (and Miliband and Harman probably won’t nominate – Brown and Harman didn’t last time). 230 MPs, divided by 35, leaves a maximum of six candidates. Given that I’d expect Kendall and Creagh to get on the ballot paper – last time round some MPs who went on to vote for one of the Milibands lent their nomination to Burnham or Abbott to make sure. Tristram Hunt might struggle but probably because his colleagues don’t rate him!

    I think Andy Burnham has confirmed himself as the favourite over the last few days. If this was happening under the 2010 rules he’d be a shoe-in because he’s very popular among MPs -he’s even won over the left-wing who have decided to back him after toying with putting Ian Lavery up – and, of the available options, the union candidate. He might be a more divisive figure with the regular members and supporters who now have the bulk of the votes though. I think that would favour Yvette Cooper who despite a very lacklustre campaign to date could sneak through with a lot of second preferences.

    Liz Kendall is interesting. She’s clearly extraordinarily ambitious and set the tone for the contest by pouncing so early. But I can’t really see her winning – the electorate is probably to the left of her pitch and I expect a lot who broadly agree with her won’t go for her as first pick because of doubts about her experience and ability to match up to Cameron. As to your idea of her becoming Deputy Leader I doubt she’ll enter because that would in effect be to admit defeat on the leadership but I note that when John Prescott became Deputy Leader he also stood in the leadership contest.

  33. Oh dear, looks like the civilised discussion of immigration may now descend into partisan tosh.

    My point about Patels and Polskis was precisely to point up that the immigration debate has largely ceased to be about race (setting Bulgarmanians, who are not a race, and Roma, who may be, to one side) and become one about resources. I think we should be proud of that progress.

    I do believe the immigration debate was once largely about race, and the change rather crept up on us: GB hadn’t spotted it, hence Mrs D, but I think the politicians have got it now.

    It’s clear that there is nothing much we can do about EU migration short of leaving the EU (or tanking the economy, perhaps) but there’s nothing that stops a government which is so minded from having a restrictive approach to others. But as I understand it (I could well be wrong) non EU immigration grew as much if not more than EU during the last government.

    Whatever, I agree with NeilJ that immigration seems to be here to stay. Parties need to find ways of addressing the resulting strains, rather than pretending (Lab as was) that they don’t exist, or (Con as was, and may still be) that immigration will be abolished.


    I largely agree with that analysis, in case I gave the wrong impression.

    I think in some cases racism does play a part but I think for the majority of people it does not.

  35. @ Hawthorn

    “but I think for the majority of people it does not.”

    This opinion is probably because you are not on the receiving end …


    Market forces expose suppliers to the force of customer demands .

    In the NHS , patients are the customers & the Consultants are the suppliers. But we ( the patients) have no means of applying market forces to them when they work for the NHS ( as opposed to when they work outside it0

    Like any other Trades Union, the BMA seems often more concerned with supplier welfare than customer welfare.

  37. Sorry I meant about perceptions. Racism is certainly down.

  38. I’ve always felt that there is something of a spectrum with full-on race hate at one end and a slightly forced and artificial colour-blindness at the other. I’ve no doubt that even within a specific “acceptable” level of immigration, a lot of the population would have a preference about which immigrants they’d rather have (English-speaking, from relatively “civilized” countries, well-educated etc).

    Having grown up in a generation of Londoners for whom a wide range of ethnic minorities was completely the norm, I hope I am somewhere towards the “right” end of that spectrum but I’ve no doubt I’m on it somewhere. Polyglot German GPs or illiterate Somali fishermen? Could I really pretend I didn’t have a preference?

    But I agree the debate about overcrowding, housing, the environment and low pay/productivity has perhaps moved immigration policy from the gutter into the salons, as it were.

  39. Racism and prejudice are two different things…

    Racism – an explicit belief in inherent racial differences that determine ability and achievement – is, I hope and believe, now limited to very few individuals, most of whom will be dead within 10 years.

    Prejudice, on the other hand, is something that many of us – perhaps all of us – grapple with to some extent. We may try our very best to avoid it but preconceived views of people and cultures still influence our judgments all of the time. Whether we like it or not we have an image of what a Pole looks like and does with his/her life, what British Asians do, what Jews do and so on. And of course this extends beyond race to class, age, gender and so forth.

    I still think prejudice, though not race, influences the immigration debate. Though there are certainly economic aspects to it the reaction to an increase in the population of Eastern Europeans and the reaction to a similar increase in Brits living in a particular area are quite different. People still, mostly unintentionally and without giving it much thought, feel more threatened by the person culturally different from them.

  40. LASZLO

    I do not think that the views of vocal minority of people who exhibit racism towards Eastern Europeans are necessarily representative of the working class as a whole. Therefore, it should be possible to drive a wedge between those who are racist and those who have genuine economic concerns (even if ill-founded).


    Your argument, if correct, would imply that Harley Street doctors are less well renumerated than their NHS counterparts. Not seen any figures, but it seems a bit unlikely to me.

    Demand for healthcare as a whole is determined by how much the NHS is used, and the quality of healthcare demanded by the public. Demand is increasing (this cannot be avoided) but without sufficient supply of new staff, either the volume or quality of care decreases without extra funding. Simple as.

  41. Despite the rather unsavoury episode at the end of the last parliament, John Bercow has been re-elected Commons Speaker without any opposition. Although there had been speculation about Tory MPs trying to block his re-election, this did not materialise and not a single MP spoke out against his re-election.


    I think your point on the difference between racism and prejudice is spot on. Having had years of experience of both (through my family) I would agree that explicit racism has declined considerably. However prejudice, either explicit or implicit, is a different thing and often very difficult to explain to someone who has never experienced it. In my family we call it the ‘one off’ syndrome: something happens and it could happen to anyone – it’s not necessarily an example of prejudice, it’s a ‘one off’. Only if it keeps on happening …..

    For what it’s worth I think that after years of steady improvement in the last few years it’s got worse again – but of course we may just have hit more ‘one offs’.

  43. @ExileinYorks

    This was not at all surprising. In fact, even had the motion got through in March I do not believe he would have been defeated under a secret ballot. What happened in March was a complete misjudgment by the government (probably led by Gove as Chief Whip) of the mood of the House, and especially of the Conservative Party. I think they thought it would please the backbenchers as they went to their constituencies, in fact it upset more than it pleased. Not messing with Parliament is a golden rule and by messing with it they inevitably embarrassed themselves, just as they had on the European Arrest Warrant and various other occasions. Hopefully they’ve now got the message.

    The most interesting part of today’s sitting was the seating arrangements. In the end they can be summed up as all over the place. The SNP plan to stage a sit in to secure to the front-bench below the gangway failed when the entry of sniffer dogs forced them to leave for a while, allowing Kevan Jones (Labour) to get in and keep Dennis Skinner’s seat warm. In the end the SNP found themselves scattered on the remainder of the ‘awkward squad’ bench, the benches behind it and the bench directly behind the Labour front bench. The SNP’s claim to a front bench is probably legitimate (the Lib Dems had one from ’97-2010) but it won’t be easy to shift Dennis!

  44. I wonder if Sean Clerkin & co [ Scottish megaphone person notorious for interrupting Labour leaders] will be coming to Labour’s pubic leadership hustings, held in seats where Labour failed to win this time but hopes to win next time?

    A Labour leader that manages to “best” Clerkin might do well in Scotland?

  45. Nigel Dodds pointed out today that the four countries of the UK each sent different parties to represent them and that this must be taken into account.


    I wasn’t talking about pay.

    I was talking about patient satisfaction with the availability & performance of Consultants in the NHS.

  47. GuyMonde

    I think the debate on this site is a lot better than anything the politicians have managed.

    One factor no-one has mentioned is the strong pound. House prices are now very cheap in France, Spain and Italy! For me the problem with immigration is resources, as you rightly said, not the assimilation of cultures, so it is NET migration that is the concern.

    Jack Sheldon

    Liz Kendall is the most interesting candidate, which is why everyone took notice when she declared early and without prevarication. That is why I found her responses on Newsnight so disappointing – it was if she thought suddenly thought she might have a chance and had a rabbit in headlights moment. Perhaps I over-reacted.

    My thinking is that there will be quite a lot of manoeuvring yet. We’ve already seen Chuka withdraw. AB is now quite a strong favourite and he has to be a better choice from the old guard than Yvette – much more voter friendly. His only threat comes from the new entries, but none of them seem to command the support. LK is a perfect fit for AB, so I see a deal in the making.

    Btw, your explanation of the difference between racism and prejudice is very well expressed. Thank you.

  48. Colin

    Quality is a function of the same market forces, which includes customer service.

    As I am sure you know, many if not most private practice is carried out by doctors also employed by the NHS. That is the deal which means that they already accept below market rate pay for the NHS. With nurses, market forces lead to ex thispensive agency work when recruitment is restricted.

  49. I should say on Mr. Speaker that the non-aggression pact might not last if he tries to stay on beyond summer 2018… the point at which he said he’d be gone when he stood for the job in 2009.

  50. Damn phone.

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